Low latency remains a key component in any live streaming application. Video chat, distance learning, live auctions, event broadcasts and many more use case cases all need fast stream delivery to ensure a positive user experience. The challenge lies in providing low latency that is consistent and scalable. Complicating matters further, is the fact that live streaming video is itself nuanced with many subtle yet impactful considerations that must be taken into account.
In order to simplify this process and cut through any confusion, Red5 Pro and Videon have joined forces to bring real-time latency live video streaming to the mass market. To accomplish this, they make use of Videon’s hardware based live streaming encoder to perform the video streaming. This document outlines the process for setting up a low latency workflow and displays the impressive ultra-low latency results achievable when pairing Videon encoders with Red5 Pro’s cloud-based streaming platform.
This step-by-step guide walks you through implementing a WebRTC based ultra low latency workflow using Videon’s VersaStreamer 4K encoder and Red5 Pro’s Real-Time Streaming platform. We will then measure the glass-to-glass latency of the configured workflow.
The latency consistently clocks at 400-500ms using either single instance or Red5 Pro Clustering technology and Stream Manager. The lowest latency during this testing was clocked at 147.5ms
Along with our partners at Videon, Red5 Pro recommends using our cloud-based streaming software and Videon’s VersaStreamer 4K for applications that require real-time interaction between viewers and broadcasters.
All the tests and the results shown in this post were run with encode and decode endpoints located in Videon’s lab located in State College, PA.
Gefen 1:3 HDMI Splitter
Red5 Pro HTML Publisher and Subscriber SDK
First, as illustrated by the block diagram above, connect the hardware. Once the hardware is configured, you can then install and setup the Red5 Pro instance or cluster as per the provided Red5 Pro instructions. Please note that all defaults should be enabled.
Next, you will need to setup the Videon VersaStreamer 4K by opening “Encoder Settings: in the Videon VersaStreamer 4K web UI. Make sure that the following settings are selected in order to provide the best performance.
All other settings may be optimized for your specific workflow and deployment conditions. The following image shows all the settings used for the tests that were performed in order to produce the results stated in this post.
You will now need to turn on RTMP streaming to the Red5 Pro server in Output Settings by selecting the RTMP 1 tab:
You can now play the stream in the Red5 Pro web player by following the next 2 steps:
It should be noted that j in Red5 Pro’s upcoming 7.0 release, SRT can be used instead of RTMP for even better latency and performance.
Once you have followed these instructions and conducted a test according to the block diagram, the speed, and power of the combination of Red5 Pro and Videon will become readily apparent.
Please make sure to use a video source that has a running timer. Considering that we measure our latency in milliseconds rather than seconds, you will need to display down to milliseconds in order to properly measure the low latency output. As our partners at Videon did, you can use the Red5 Pro Web Player and monitor output for playback.
Samples were measured by simultaneously taking a picture of the preview monitor screen and the Red5 Pro web player at the same time. By comparing the time codes, you can see the latency from when the local video source captures the video to when the video is encoded by Videon’s VersaStreamer 4k and streamed through Red5 Pro’s cloud infrastructure. The following pictures show the workflow at various times after beginning the stream. Videon consistently measured under 200ms of glass to glass latency. Despite the fact that adverse network conditions can increase latency, even setups in poor networks measured <500ms of latency.
For real-time latency workflows, the Red5 Pro software and the Videon VersaStreamer 4K is an optimal pairing. With sub 500ms of latency, smooth and natural interactions can be achieved by using Red5 Pro’s cloud-based streaming platform and Videon’s VersaStreamer 4K. This powerful combination enables viewers and streamers to interact in real-time for a completely interactive experience. Using the Videon live streaming encoder and the Red5 Pro software, is the best way to provide low latency video streaming to a broader audience.
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Live video workflows are transforming to live streaming at warp speed–whether it’s a new video protocol, standard, technology or architecture–the ability to adapt quickly is paramount. Leading the charge are use cases that require quality, security and ultra-low-latency, such as live events, sports and betting.